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Iraq Facts and Figures
Basic Facts
Official name Republic of Iraq
 
Capital Baghdād
 
Area 438,317 sq km
People
Population 24,683,313 (2003 estimate)
 
Population growth
Population growth rate 2.78 percent (2003 estimate)
Projected population in 2025 40,418,381 (2025 estimate)
Projected population in 2050 56,360,779 (2050 estimate)
Population density 56 persons per sq km (2003 estimate)
  146 persons per sq mi (2003 estimate)
Urban/rural distribution
Share urban 67 percent (2001 estimate)
Share rural 33 percent (2001 estimate)
Largest cities, with population
Baghdād 4,797,000 (2000 estimate)
Mosul 1,034,000 (2000 estimate)
Al Başrah 406,296 (1987)
Ethnic groups
Arab 75-80 percent
Kurds 15-20 percent
Turkmen, Assyrian, Jews, and other 5 percent
Languages
Arabic (official), Kurdish (in Kurd-occupied areas), Assyrian, Armenian
Religious affiliations
Muslim 96 percent
 
Christian 3 percent
Other 1 percent
Health and Education
Life expectancy
Total 67.8 years (2003 estimate)
Female 69 years (2003 estimate)
Male 66.7 years (2003 estimate)
Infant mortality rate 55 deaths per 1,000 live births (2003 estimate)
 
Population per physician 2,091 people (1999)
 
Population per hospital bed 690 people (1998)
 
Literacy rate
Total 40.4 percent (2003 estimate)
Female 24.4 percent (2003 estimate)
Male 55.9 percent (2003 estimate)
Education expenditure as a share of gross national product (GNP) 4 percent (1985)
 
Number of years of compulsory schooling 6 years (2000)
 
Number of students per teacher, primary school 21 students per teacher (1999-2000)
 
Government
Form of government Republic
 
Head of state President
 
Head of government President
 
Legislature Unicameral legislature
  National Assembly: 250 members
Voting qualifications Universal at age 18
 
Constitution
22 September 1968; new constitution drafted in 1990 but not adopted
Highest court Court of Cassation
 
Armed forces
Total number of military personnel 389,000 (2001)
Military expenditures as a share of gross domestic product (GDP) 9.3 percent (2001)
First-level political divisions 18 provinces
 
Economy
Gross domestic product (GDP, in U.S.$) Not available
 
GDP per capita (U.S.$) Not available
 
GDP by economic sector
Agriculture, forestry, fishing Not available
Industry Not available
Services Not available
Employment
Number of workers 6,638,176 (2001)
Workforce share of economic sector
Agriculture, forestry, fishing 16 percent (1990)
Industry 18 percent (1990)
Services 66 percent (1990)
Unemployment rate Not available
National budget (U.S.$)
Total revenue Not available
Total expenditure Not available
Monetary unit
1 Iraqi dinar (Id), consisting of 1,000 fil
Major trade partners for exports
United States, Italy, France, Spain, and Jordan
Major trade partners for imports
France, Australia, China, Italy, and Jordan
Energy, Communications, and Transportation
Electricity production
Electricity from thermal sources 98.39 percent (2001 estimate)
Electricity from hydroelectric sources 1.61 percent (2001 estimate)
Electricity from nuclear sources 0 percent (2001 estimate)
Electricity from geothermal, solar, and wind sources 0 percent (2001 estimate)
Number of radios per 1,000 people 229 (1997)
 
Number of telephones per 1,000 people 29 (2001)
 
Number of televisions per 1,000 people 82 (2000 estimate)
 
Number of Internet hosts per 10,000 people 0 (2000)
 
Daily newspaper circulation per 1,000 people 20 (1996)
 
Number of motor vehicles per 1,000 people 52 (1997)
 
Paved road as a share of total roads 84 percent (1999)
 
Sources
Basic Facts and People sections
Area data are from the statistical bureaus of individual countries. Population, population growth rate, and population projections are from the United States Census Bureau, International Programs Center, International Data Base (IDB) (www.census.gov). Urban and rural population data are from the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) of the United Nations (UN), FAOSTAT database (www.fao.org). Largest cities population data and political divisions data are from the statistical bureaus of individual countries. Ethnic divisions and religion data are largely from the latest Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) World Factbook and from various country censuses and reports. Language data are largely from the Ethnologue, Languages of the World, Summer Institute of Linguistics International (www.sil.org).
Health and Education section
Life expectancy and infant mortality data are from the United States Census Bureau, International Programs Center, International database (IDB) (www.census.gov). Population per physician and population per hospital bed data are from the World Health Organization (WHO) (www.who.int). Education data are from the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) database (www.unesco.org).
Government section
Government, independence, legislature, constitution, highest court, and voting qualifications data are largely from various government Web sites, the latest Europa World Yearbook, and the latest Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) World Factbook. The armed forces data is from Military Balance.
Economy section
Gross domestic product (GDP), GDP per capita, GDP by economic sectors, employment, and national budget data are from the World Bank database (www.worldbank.org). Monetary unit, agriculture, mining, manufacturing, exports, imports, and major trade partner information is from the latest Europa World Yearbook and various International Monetary Fund (IMF) publications.
Energy, Communication, and Transportation section
Electricity information is from the Energy Information Administration (EIA) database (www.eia.doe.gov). Radio, telephone, television, and newspaper information is from the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) database (www.unesco.org). Internet hosts, motor vehicles, and road data are from the World Bank database (www.worldbank.org).
Note
Figures may not total 100 percent due to rounding.